With the development of technology, comes a passing of the torch for programming languages.
With historic ties back to Ada Lovelace in 1842, programming has become an essential tool for development in tech, from hand-written assembly language programmes in the 40s to the incredibly developed available today. Gone are the days of Fortran, COBOL, Algol and APL, replaced with many of those listed below. As somewhat of a directory, we have collated the most 'in demand' languages in 2020 as well as their difficulty and links to free resources to start your learning journey.
Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. For many, Python is suggested as an easy to understand, flexible and beginner friendly programming language. With no classpath issues, Python is easy to install and get started. It should also be recognized that there is a huge Python community which are quick to be on-hand with any questions and encourage those beginning their journey into coding. Through the learning of Python, you then open many door in regard to employment, with a range of roles including analyst, developer and product management roles available. Interested? You can access some great free python beginner resources below:
- Introduction To Python Programming
- Python for Beginner
- Learn Python 3.6 for Total Beginners
- Python for Everybody Specialization
One of the server side programming languages on the list, PHP or Hypertext Pre-processor, earlier known as Personal Home Pages, is recognized as an increasingly fast and powerful language which works well on HTML and databases making it a great fit for anyone looking to build dynamic and malleable web applications. It is suggested that an understanding of HTML is beneficial prior to learning PHP. There has now been PHP 1,2,3,4 and 5, with development on this language a constant. Alongside websites and web application, PHP can also be used in cloud computing and Machine Learning. See further reading and free courses on PHP below:
- Learn PHP with the Top 25 PHP Tutorials: Resources, Websites, Courses
- 27 Best Tutorials to Learn PHP in 2020 (Free and Paid Resources)
- PHP Programming: Expert or Novice, There’s a Tutorial for PHP Devs of Any Skill Level
This general-purpose language is a staple for anything from operating systems to complex programmes and is often referred to as the 'base' for programming. Having learnt or practiced for some time on C based programming, it is widely suggested that you can move to many other languages. C programming, unlike some other languages has developed over time, initially recognized as ALGOL, to later form BCPL, B and then C in 1972. If you needed any greater push to learn C than it being recognized as an underlying language a majority of platforms, you should also consider that it allows for concentration on language semantics for a greater duration than others, it is somewhat simplistic and speedy, allows embedding programming and is a fairly pure language with limited distractions and a straight procedural method for learning. Some of the best resources for learning C are listed below:
- How to Learn the C and C++ Languages: The Ultimate List
- 11 Free Resources For Learning C/C++ Programming
- Mathlabs C tutorial resources
- Slant's 'best beginner resources for C learning'
- 76 of The Best Places to Learn to Code For Free
R is a language which is best suited to programming and as a free software 'environment' for statistical learning. R is commonly used by statisticians, data analysts, researchers and marketers to retrieve, clean, analyze, visualize and to present data due to its expressive syntax and user friendly interface. R is a language increasing in popularity due to it being able to run on all platforms and also as it can open various employment opportunities within the data science community with past surveys suggesting that a median salary for someone with expert knowledge and application sitting near the $100k per annum mark. We have, as with the others, compiled a list of top resources below:
- R Programming from coursera
- Top R language resources to improve your data skills
- The 5 Most Effective Ways to Learn R
- The Best Resources for R Programming
Did we miss a language which should have been included on this list? Let me know on [email protected]